Early Childhood Injury Prevention
Childhood Injuries Are Preventable!
prevent injuries related to children’s products, furniture and toys.
Did you know?
Almost 35 to 40% of all home injuries involved a product or the environment such
as the stairs, floor, and walls. In Canada, more than 75% of
injury-related emergency room visits among children from birth to 4 years are
for injuries occurring at home.
Safe Kids Canada
What can you
do to prevent these injuries from happening to your child?
Read and follow instructions.
Read warning labels on product.
Check for recalls.
Supervise your child while using child furniture and products.
Childproof your home.
Use toys that are meant for the age and ability of your child.
Have questions? Call Public Health at 376-9420 or 1-800-263-3456.
Recall Information Resources
Canadian Recall Sources:
Toys and Children’s Furniture
Search: “juvenile product recalls”
(regional product safety office)
Search: “child restraint recalls”
|Grey Bruce Health
Garage Sales and Yard Sales
Beware, Vendor Take Care
“For children 9 and under, home is
the most common place for injury. In Canada, more than 75% of injury-related
emergency room visits among children from birth to 4 years are for injuries
occurring at home. For 5 to 9 year-olds, 40% of these injuries happen at home.”
Safe Kids Canada
Many injuries involve a child’s environment that often
includes nursery products, toys and furniture. Falls, burns, scalds,
suffocation, choking and poisoning are the most common types of these injuries,
some of which may be caused in part by dangerous nursery products, toys and
furniture. Families may search for second-hand products are garage sales,
but is what you are selling and buying safe for to use?
should I be concerned about selling nursery products, children’s
furniture and toys at my garage sale?
Under Canadian Law you
cannot import, sell or give away products that do not meet the requirements
of the Hazardous Products Act. (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/H-3/index.html)
How do I know if a product is unsafe and should not
be sold at my garage
sale or yardsale?
Refer to the chart titled, “Risky Children’s Products
Often Found At Yard Sales.” The chart offers some dates and guidelines
on which products should not be sold.
Nursery products and toys:
Health Canada at
www.hc-sc.gc.ca, search for: Juvenile Product Recalls.
For more information call the regional product safety office in Toronto at
Transport Canada at
www.tc.gc.ca/roadsafety, search for: child restraint recall notices or
call Transport Canada at 1-800-333-0371.
can I tell by looking at a product that it should not be sold?
There are white stress marks or wearing on the plastic.
The safety straps on strollers, change tables and highchairs are missing.
There are sharp, jagged edges or pieces of plastic broken off.
The instruction manual or manufacturer’s guidelines are missing.
There is no label stating the manufacturer, production date or model number.
*** If you are
unsure whether a product is safe, always take advantage of the recall
information above and call to find out before you sell it.
4) What do I do with a nursery product if I learn it is unsafe to sell?
Destroy the product by disassembling it.
Take the product to your local dump for disposal.
Be aware of local events such as an “Unsafe Product Round-Up,” sponsored by
your local health unit. Check the website at
the family health section.
Cribs made before
September 1986 don't meet current safety standards. The mattress support
in them, suspended by hooks, is not secure and can collapse easily.
These cribs cannot be fixed to meet the standard and must not be sold or
given away. Cribs that meet the regulations must have printed on them or
affixed to them information that identifies the manufacturer, model
number, date of manufacture and assembly instructions.
manufactured before 1985 may not meet current standards. Choose one that
is both sturdy and safe. The stroller must match the size and age of the
child who will use it, and be sturdy enough to support the child and not
be easily tipped. Strollers must come with a lap belt, or some
safety restraint that is solidly attached to the seat or frame. Ensure
the brakes, as well as locking mechanisms on folding models, are in
working order. Make sure that the wheels are solidly attached.
If you decide to buy
a walker, buy one that meets the Canadian Juvenile Products
Association's voluntary safety standards. It should, among other
features, be too wide to fit through a standard doorway of 81 cm (31
Baby walkers are not
safe and do not help children learn to walk. Instead, they allow
children to reach hot surfaces and have access to dangerous situations
like stairways. Walkers were taken off the market due to such
In 1976, the
government introduced playpen regulations. Mesh-sided playpens must be
made of mosquito-type netting with small holes so that fingers and
little buttons cannot get through. Current standards also prohibit the
use of more than two castors or wheels, to prevent the playpen from
moving too much. Some older playpens may have protruding bolts
that can catch on a child's clothing, or may have worn or faulty
mechanisms on the folding sides of the playpen. If the playpen has been
recalled, be sure the problem has been corrected. When selling a
folding playpen, ensure that all locking mechanisms work and set-up
instructions are included.
Since 1990, new
regulations have made expansion gates safer. Accordion-style baby gates
that are made of wood or hard plastic and have diamond-shaped openings
and large V's at the top can no longer be sold in Canada; children can
get caught in the openings and strangle themselves.
All car seats must
meet the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard and carry a compliance
label (stating the size of the child for which the seat is designed) on
the side, rear or bottom of the seat. Instructions must be provided on
how the seat is to be installed. Seats over 10 years old are generally
regarded as no longer safe. Some newer car seats only have
manufacturer expiry dates of 6-8 years. Pick up a copy of the used
car seat check list at the Health Unit
Regulations on the
flammability of children’s sleepwear up to size 14X were strengthened in
1987. Sleepwear should be made of nylon or polyester. Cotton and
cotton-blend fabrics will catch fire and burn more quickly than most
In 1970, the
Hazardous Products Act introduced safety standards for toys. Toys
allowed to be sold in Canada are subject to flammability, electrical and
thermal risk and toxicological testing. But not all toys found in garage
sales are less than 31 years old. Despite the regulations, others are no
longer without risk. Toys that are in poor repair or broken are clearly
unsafe. Lawn darts with elongated tips are dangerous and can no longer
Information from the Canadian Safety Council (www.safetycouncil.org)
and Health Canada (www.hc-sc.gc.ca)