COVID-19 FAQ

 

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness in humans ranging from the common cold to more serious respiratory infections like bronchitis, pneumonia or severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new strain of virus that has not been previously identified in humans. In some cases, illness caused by novel coronavirus can be mild. In more severe cases, the novel coronavirus can cause pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, severe influenza-like illness, kidney failure and even death.

Symptoms for COVID-19 range from mild, similar to the flu and other common respiratory infections, to more severe. These can include:  

  • Fever;
  • Cough; and
  • Difficulty breathing

In more severe cases, complications from COVID-19 can include pneumonia, kidney failure, or in some cases, death.

The risk of developing severe disease from COVID-19 may be higher if you have a weakened immune system. This may be the case for:

  • older people;
  • anyone with chronic disease such as diabetes, cancer, heart, renal or chronic lung disease.

There are online and telephone resources set up to help guide you to further care and potential testing.

If you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, isolate yourself within the home and use a self- assessment tool to guide your next steps: 

 

You may also call:

Telehealth Ontario at 1-866-797-0000

Grey Bruce Health Unit at 519-376-9420 or 1-800-263-3456

 

If you are having trouble managing symptoms of COVID 19 at home, there are 3 assessment centres in our region.

Do not call 911 unless it is an emergency.

Coronaviruses are spread mainly from person to person through close contact, for example, in a household, workplace or health care centre.

The World Health Organization advises that symptoms may appear in as few as two days, or as long as 10 to 14 days, after being exposed to someone with COVID-19. This time period is subject to change and may be updated as new information becomes available.

Considerations for the Public when Receiving Mail or Packages

All Ontarians should be taking the following actions to protect their health:

  • washing your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer sneezing and cough into your sleeve
  • avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
  • avoid contact with people who are sick
  • stay at home if you are sick. in particular, do not visit a long-term care, retirement home or other congregate living situation.
  • clean and disinfect high-touch objects and surfaces frequently.

 

The ministry of health has strongly advised against non-essential travel outside of canada

Covid-19 Poster

 

Help prevent the spread of COVID-19

Help prevent the spread

COVID-19 is diagnosed based on laboratory testing. A specific test for COVID-19 has been developed to confirm an infection, if one is suspected. Testing is being conducted at both the public health Ontario laboratory in Toronto, and the national microbiology laboratory in Winnipeg.

At this time, there is no vaccine for COVID-19 or any natural health products that are authorized to treat or protect against COVID-19.

Most people with mild coronavirus illness will recover on their own. Your health care provider may recommend steps you can take to relieve symptoms.

Consult your health care provider as soon as possible if:

Some general recommendations to help fight COVID-19 illness include:

  • drink plenty of fluids
  • get rest and sleep as much as possible
  • try a humidifier or a hot shower to help with a sore throat or cough

What is Physical Distancing?

Physical distancing means making changes to your everyday routines to limit close contact with others.Social Distancing Infographic

  • Keep a distance of at least 2 metres from others (that’s 6 feet, or a hockey stick!)
  • Stay home as much as possible
  • Avoid non-essential errands
  • Avoid gatherings or crowded places
  • Limit contact with people at high risk (older adults, people with compromised immune systems)
  • Work from home, if possible
  • Do not socialize in groups larger than five people unless from the same household (by order of Ontario Government)
  • Do not use outdoor amenities where people can gather such as playgrounds, sports fields, public beaches, unleashed dog parks, etc. (by order of the Ontario Government)

What not to do while physical distancing:

  • No dinner parties
  • No sleepovers
  • No playdates
  • No families or groups together at the grocery store
  • No having friends over for coffee
  • No extended family gatherings

Who should practice physical distancing?

Everyone! We all have a role in doing what we can to slow the spread of COVID-19 in our community.

Remember: while you may not feel sick, and while we know these measures are an inconvenience, please be mindful of the members of our community who are more vulnerable to COVID-19 than others.

Physical Distancing (Public Health Agency of Canada)

Take the COVID-19 self-assessment online to help determine how to seek further care and next steps. You can also call Telehealth Ontario at 1-866-797-0000. Do not call 911 unless it is an emergency.

 

Physical Activity with Physical Distancing

Everyone, from children to adults, should practice social distancing at this time. While this is in effect, it is still just as important as ever to keep physically active for maintaining both physical and mental well-being. There are plenty of physical activities that can be done around the home. Some ideas include:

Public health direction to self-monitor for COVID-19 means that you should monitor your health for fever, cough and difficulty breathing for 14 days after being in a situation where you may have come in contact with the virus.

 

How to self-monitor (public health Ontario)

Self-isolation is for anyone who has symptoms of COVID-19 or anyone who has been instructed to separate yourself from others to help prevent the spread of the virus. Self-isolation when you are sick means that you do not leave your home unless absolutely necessary, such as to see medical care.

  • Stay in your home
  • Seek services over the phone or online and ask for help from others if needed.
  • Order grocery or pharmacy delivery or have a friend, family member or neighbour deliver them (register at www.thedo.ca for volunteer help or call 211)
  • Open a window for fresh air
  • Use the phone or internet to connect with family or friends

What not to do while self-isolating:

  • No visitors (only those essential and for medical reasons)
  • No grocery shopping in the store
  • No going to work or other activities

Who should self-isolate?

Take the COVID-19 self-assessment online or call Telehealth Ontario at 1-866-797-000 for more information about who should self-isolate.  Do not call 911 unless it is an emergency.

Anyone with symptoms of COVID-19, even if symptoms are mild, should self-isolate immediately

People who should self-isolate include:

  • People who have travelled internationally in the past 14 days
  • Those who have been in contact with someone who has COVID-19
  • People experiencing symptoms
  • People with compromised immune systems
  • People with a chronic health condition
  • Older adults 70 years of age and older

Resources:

How to self-isolate

Self-isolation: Guide for caregivers, household members and close contacts

How to care for a child with COVID-19 at home: Advice for caregivers (Public Health Agency of Canada)

Take the COVID-19 self-assessment online to help determine how to seek further care and next steps. You can also call Telehealth Ontario at 1-866-797-0000. Do not call 911 unless it is an emergency.

Physical Activity and Self-Isolation 

While in self-isolation, it is still just as important as ever to keep physically active for maintaining both physical and mental well-being. There are plenty of physical activities that can be done around the home. Some ideas include:

  • Online exercise classes
  • Jump rope
  • Stair stepping
  • Planking
  • Lunges
  • Cleaning
  • Weight lifting

Please visit WHO – Stay Physically Active During Quarantine for more ideas. While in self-isolation, individuals may still wish to go outdoors for some fresh air.

Please follow the below guidelines:

  • If you are a confirmed positive case for COVID-19 or are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, please self-isolate indoors and open a window for fresh air. Even with mild symptoms, self-isolate indoors.

 

Resources:

Active for Life – 200 Activities You Can do with Kids at Home

Finding Balance – Exercises at the Kitchen Sink

Fact Sheet - COVID-19: Delivering items to someone in self-isolation who is potentially or confirmed infected with COVID-19

 

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